Timeline 2005-2006
Small bombs explode simultaneously PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Bombing

Date: January 1, 2005

Location: Poso City

Actors: Unknown

Event: Small bombs explode almost simultaneously around Poso City after midnight. No casualties.

Source: ICG Report 2005

 
Bomb explodes near police barracks PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Bombing

Date: January 3, 2005

Location: Poso City

Actors: Unknown

Event: A small bomb goes off near Hotel Alamanda, which was being used by Brimob (anti-riot mobile police brigade) from Jakarta as barracks. No casualties reported.

Source: ICG Report 2005

 
Bomb explodes in empty house PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Bombing

Date: January 7, 2005

Location: Meongko Lama, Poso City

Actors: Unknown

Event: A bomb explodes in an empty house. No casualties reported.

Source: ICG Report 2004

 
Poso gang leader tried for murder of prosecutor PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Legal Action

Date: January 5-March 5, 2005

Location: Palu

Actors: Government prosecutors' office

Event: Pian, a Poso gang leader, is tried for the murder of the Central Sulawesi prosecutor Fery Silalahi. He is convicted only on weapons charges and is given eight and a half months in prison.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Armed robbery of payroll at office PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Robbery

Date: April 1, 2005

Location: Poso City

Actors: JI/Tanah Runtuh

Event: The regent's office is robbed by armed men. The payroll worth Rp. 583 million ($58,000) is stolen. A local man, Tukiran, goes on trial for the incident.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Two bombs explode at local NGOs PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Bombing

Date: April 28, 2005

Location: Poso City

Actors: Disputed

Event: Two bombs explodes at local NGO offices in Poso. First at Pusat Rekonsiliasi Konflik dan Perdamaian Poso (Center for Conflict Resolution and Peace in Poso, PRKP). Then fifteen minutes later a bomb goes off at Lembaga Penguatan Masyarakat Sipil (Institute for the Strengthening of Civil Society, LPMS). Damage is caused in front of the building. No casualties reported.

Note: Daud Somba, one of the contributors to the documentary, was working at PRKP at the time that the bomb exploded and had his eyesight damaged. While it is believed that a man associated with radical religious activity was responsible for the blasts, it is widely believed in the local NGO community that it was the local government that had goaded him into doing it. At the time, these two offices were investigating the corruption of government funds that were meant for the rehabilitation of Poso, a highly contentious issue. The event remains disputed.

Source: ICG 2005, Daud Somba interview 2007

 
22 killed in bombing in Tentena PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Bombing

Date: May 28, 2005 (fifth year anniversary of the killings of Muslims at Sintuwu Lemba)

Location: Tentena central market

Actors: JI/Tanah Runtuh

Event: Two bombs explode at the Tentena market, fifteen minutes apart. The first bomb goes off at a market stall, the second explodes in front of a bank near the market. 22 people are killed and around 70 injured.

Note: This incident was big national news. Although not known at the time, this was Jemaah Islamiya's second most deadly bombing, after the 2002 nightclub bombings in Bali. At first it was suspected that the bombing was the work of corrupted local officials but was later proved to be the direct work of the men from JI/Tanah Runtuh.

Source: ICG Report 2005

 
Bomb explodes outside campaign office PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Bombing

Date: June 28, 2005

Location: Kasintuwu, Poso City

Actors: Unknown

Event: A bomb explodes in front of the campaign office of Piet Inkiriwang and Thalib Rimi, who were candidates in Poso for the district head elections. No casualties reported.

Source: ICG Report 2005

 
Suspected informer shot dead PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Shooting

Date: August 3, 2005

Location: Gebangrejo, Poso City

Actors: JI/Tanah Runtuh

Event: Budiyanto (26) is shot dead at 8:30pm while eating with his wife and children.

Note: This was probably an inside job of the JI/Tanah Runtuh group. He was a suspected informer and there was no public reaction from the group.

Source: ICG Report 2005, ICG Report 2007

 
Another suspected informer shot dead PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Shooting

Date: August 4, 2005

Location: Gebangrejo, Poso City

Actors: JI/Tanah Runtuh

Event: Sugito (48) is shot dead by a man using a 38 calibre weapon while walking to pray. It was only 100 meters from where Budiyanto had been murdered the night before.

Note: Sugito was also suspected of being an informer was it was most likely an inside job from the group.

Source: ICG Report 2005, ICG Report 2007

 
Four injured by bomb at party PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Bombing

Date: September 17, 2005

Location: Bonesompe, Poso City

Actors: Unknown

Event: A bomb explodes at a party, injuring four.

Source: ICG Report 2005

 
Suspected witness is killed PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Shooting

Date: September 29, 2005

Location: Toini village, Poso Pesisir subdistrict

Actors: JI/Tanah Runtuh

Event: Hasrin Latorape (42) is shot and killed at 5:20pm. Police suspect that Latorape was killed because he had been a witness to other violence recently.

Source: ICG Report 2005, ICG Report 2007

 

 

 
Treasurer shot after withdrawing money PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Shooting

Date: October 4, 2005

Location: Poso Pesisir subdistrict

Actors: Unknown

Event: Milton Tadoa (51) was shot and killed while he rode his motorbike towards his village. He was the treasurer of the subdistrict office and had just withdrawn around Rp. 54 million ($5400) to pay civil servants' salaries, which makes robbery the suspected motive for the incident.

Source: ICG Report 2005

 
Three schoolgirls beheaded PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Violence

Date: October 29, 2005

Location: Poso City

Actors: JI/Tanah Runtuh

Event: As four school girls walk to school early in the morning through a path in the jungle, they are attacked by 6 men wearing black clothes and masks. Yarni Sambue (15), Theresia Morangke (16) and Alfita Paulina (19) are killed at the scene, their bodies left on the path and their heads placed around different parts of Poso with revenge notes left. One girl, Noviana Malewa was attacked and severly cut on the face, but was able to jump off a small cliff and run to safety.

Note: This is one of the most important moments in the Poso conflict because it attracted so much outside attention. It came at a time when Poso was relatively peaceful. What is known now is that it was planned out of Tanah Runtuh by Hasanuddin and his accomplises in the schools of Adnan Arsal. It was intended to be a "present" to the "enemy" for the end of Ramadan, the Muslim fasting month.  These girls were specifically chosen because they were the original Protestant inhabitants of Poso, the ethnic Pamona, which Hasanuddin wanted to target. They were stalked and watched for days before the attack.

Source: ICG Report 2007, Noviana Malewa interview 2008

 
Ustadz Sahl is arrested PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Arrest, police interrogations

Date: February 9, 2006

Location: Tanah Runtuh, Poso

Actors: Police, Ustadz Sahl

Event: Ustadz Sahl from Java, a preacher in Tanah Runtuh, is arrested and brought to Jakarta after police stumble upon evidence linking him to another man in Jemaah Islamiya in the past. Police announce he is suspected of being linked to Noordin Mohammed Top, which causes protests in Poso. Adnan Arsal denies Sahl is connected in any way. After a week Sahl is released and returns to Tanah Runtuh. He claims of abuse and torture from the police. Men in Tanah Runtuh become suspicious he may have given information to the police.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 

 
Haris is arrested PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Arrest

Date: 2006

Location: Toli-Toli, 700km northwest of Poso.

Actors: Lilik Purnomo aka Haris, Irwanto Irano, Rahmat aka Jindra, Abdul Muis, Nano Sumarsono

Event: The five men are arrested after police follow Rahmat's wife and two other Tanah Runtuh members attempting to visit Haris, Irano and Jindra, who were laying low in Toli-Toli. Abdul Muis and Nano are released.

Note: Haris went onto to explain in detail to the police the crimes he and the men in Tanah Runtuh had committed, reportedly in exchange for the police to pay some of his debts. This included the beheadings of the school girls.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Police attempt to arrest Taufiq Bulaga PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Attempted Arrest

Date: May 8, 2006

Location: Lawanga neighborhood, Poso City

Actors: Police, Taufiq Bulaga, residents

Event: Police attempt to arrest Bulaga, suspected of many high profile crimes commited in Poso. As he is being handcuffed he asks for help, a crowd comes to the scene, causing the police to panic and flee. The angry crowd then burned the motorcycles. When police attempted to return to the neighborhood, residents stoned the police truck, causing the police to flee again.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Hasanuddin is captured in Palu PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Police action

Date: May 9, 2006

Location: Palu

Actors: Police

Event: Hasanuddin, the leader of the JI subunit in Poso, who is married to Adnan Arsal's daughter, is captured by police while teaching recruits to fry shrimp chips. This follows the arrest of one of his top associates, Haris. Ustadz Yahya takes control of JI in Poso.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 

 
Tibo , da Silva, and Riwu executed PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Execution

Date: September 22, 2006

Location: Palu

Actors: Government

Event: Fabianus Tibo, Dominggus da Silva and Marinus Riwu are executed by firing squad for their role in Poso's third stage of riots in 2000. Protests erupt around the country, including a few that turn violent on the islands of Flores (where the three were from) and Timor. All appeals for clemency are denied. They maintained their innocence.

Note: The government had many reasons and hopes for the execution of these three men, which was extremely naive. Government officials hoped it would quell the radical religious violence happening in Poso, and would give them good legal ground to go ahead and execute the three Muslim militants behind the 2002 Bali nightclub bombings (which had nothing to do with this case).

 

 
Angry Protestant villagers kill two Muslims PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Violence

Date: September 23, 2006

Location: Taripa village

Actors: Protestant militants

Event: Protestant villagers, angry over the execution of Tibo, Riwu, and da Silva the day before, seize and kill two Muslim fishermen, Arham Badarudin, 32, and Wandi, 17, as they drive by the village on their way down to South Sulawesi.

Note: The police tried to come to the village via helicopter but had stones thrown at it. Eventually 17 men are caught and tried under Indonesia's terrorist laws in Jakarta. This incident raised communal tension in Poso.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Bomb explodes outside church, nearly causing fight PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Bombing

Date: September 30, 2006

Location: Kawua, Poso

Actors: Police, military, residents

Event: A bomb explodes outside a church in Kawua, a predominately Protestant area.  According to eyewitness accounts, soldiers (TNI) pressed bystanders to attack the police, while five policemen ran towards the predominately Muslim neighborhood of Sayo yelling "they're attacking!'. This was taken to mean the Protestants were attacking, Sayo residents then alerted other members of the community to prepare for defense. Nearly falling into a fight, religious leaders of both communities finally calmed the situation.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Head of Central Sulawesi church killed PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Shooting

Date: October 16, 2006

Location: Palu

Actors: JI/Tanah Runtuh

Event: Reverend Irianto Kongkoli, the head of the Central Sulawesi Protestant Church (GKST) is shot in the neck and killed by as assassin on a motorbike. He had just assumed control of GKST. He had been a signatory of the Malino Declaration in 2001.

Note: Due to the intelligence collected against JI/Tanah Runtuh, police were sure they knew who was behind this shooting. Basri becomes the number one suspect. Police tell Adnan Arsal they have to hand over Basri or they will take him by force.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Police say Reverend shooting is done by Tanah Runtuh group PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Police statement

Date: October 17, 2006

Location: Palu

Actors: Police

Event: Police make a public statement saying that the shooting of Reverend Irianto Kongkoli was conducted by radical groups from Poso, led by Basri.

Source: Kontras

 
President Yudhoyono orders three top police officials to Poso PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Presidential Order

Date: October 19, 2006

Location: Jakarta

Actors: President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, head of Brimob, head of police operations, and the former head of the Poso Special Command

Event:  Yudhoyono orders three top police officials to Poso to help with the police investigation.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Police and Tanah Runtuh clash PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Police action, violence

Date: October 22, 2006

Location: Tanah Runtuh, Poso City

Actors: JI/Tanah Runtuh, Brimob, local citizens

Event: During a police raid to find the perpetrators of many of the recent attacks in Poso, Syafuddin aka Udin, brother of captured Haris, is killed and and another is injured when police open fire into a crowd. A local police post is destroyed. That night two homes of local police officers are burned to the ground.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Four-year-old is shot at funeral PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Shooting

Date: October 23, 2006

Location: Poso City

Actors: Brimob, Mislan Aminuddin, small child

Event: While marching in the funeral procession with Udin's body, a group involved started throwing stones at a local Brimob man's house. In response, Brimob opened fire, hitting Mislan Aminuddin of Landangan, and a four year old child.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Police annouce six suspects from clash PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Police statement

Date: October 26, 2006

Location: Poso

Actors: Police

Event: The Central Sulawesi police announce six suspects for the clash between Brimob and the residents of Tanah Runtuh four days before.

Source: Kontras

 
NGO's demand Brimob to withdraw from Poso PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Government and organizational activity

Date: October 30, 2006

Location: Poso

Actors: A coalition of local NGOs, the government

Event: NGOs demand the withdrawl of Brimob units in response to the clash a week earlier. Meanwhile, Vice President of Indonesia, Jusuf Kalla, announces the launch of a government investigation into the clash.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Adnan Arsal calls for jihad on police PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Statement

Date: Early November, 2006

Location: Jakarta

Actors: Adnan Arsal

Event: Adnan Arsal, while on a trip to Jakarta, calls on members of Muslim organizations to help wage jihad against the police in Poso.

Source: ICG Report 2007

 
Most Wanted List is released PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Police statement

Date: October 24, 2006

Location: Poso

Actors: Police, Densus88

Event: Police announce that 15 people have been captured in Poso and Palu, relating to many of the unsolved crimes in Central Sulawesi from 2001 onwards.

Densus88 releases a list of 29 names called the DPO of men still at large wanted for crimes committed since 2001. The most wanted man is Basri. Almost are all are from the Tanah Runtuh/JI group, as well as three from the Kayamanya-KOMPAK group.

Source: ICG Report 2007, Kontras

 
Andi Bocor surrenders to police PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Surrender

Date: November 14, 2006

Location: Poso City

Actors: Andi Bocor aka Udin

Event: Andi Bocor (38) turns himself into the police after learning he is on the Most Wanted List (DPO) for the shooting death of a suspected police informant. Most likely, he was not involved.  He is cooperative with the police and released. Andi is told to then go to the other men on the DPO and give themselves up, but they refused.

Source: ICG Report 2007, Andi Bocor Interview 2008

 
Police ask Adnan Arsal to hand over Basri PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Police action

Date: November 3, 2006

Location: Poso

Actors: Police, Adnan Arsal

Event: Densus88 continues to encourage Basri and others to give up. Police go to Adnan Arsal and ask him to turn over Basri, with the police setting a deadline. Police state that many of the suspects on the DPO list are in some way associated with Adnan Arsal's school, Pesantran Al-Amanah.

Source: ICG Report 2007, Kontras

 
Leader of Islamic group comes to Poso PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Visit from Islamic leader

Date: November 2006

Location: Central Sulawesi

Actors: Habib Rizieq, head of Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) from Jakarta

Event: Habib Rizieq comes to Poso on a police sponsored speaking tour. Police hoped he would help get the DPO to turn themselves in. He is the leader of the Jakarta based Islamic group known for attacking places they deemed inappropriate and "deviant" forms of Islamic practices.

Source: ICG Report 2007, Ustadz Abdul Gani Israel Interview, 2007

 
Four more on Most Wanted List surrender PDF  | Print |  Email

Incident Type: Surrender

Date: November 28-December 4, 2006

Location: Poso City Police Headquarters

Actors: Ateng Marjo aka Iswanto, Abdul Nasir Doho, Syahril Lakita aka Ayi, and Upik Kokong.

Event: Four more suspects on the Most Wanted List (DPO) turn themselves into police. All are released.

Source: ICG Report 2007